Kingman Dong

06 August 2019
Left: Dong Kingman working on a watercolor at 57 Mott Street, 1940s, Courtesy of Jip F. Chun; Right: Original Watercolor painting of Mott Street, ca 1953, Gift of Elaine and Dong Kingman Jr., Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA) Collection
左图:1940年代,曾景文在勿街57号画水彩画,Jip F. Chun捐赠;右图:原版勿街水彩画,大约1953年,Elaine and Dong Kingman Jr.捐赠,美国华人博物馆(MOCA)馆藏

Dong Kingman was a Chinese American artist that is best known for his watercolor paintings. He painted in the California Style of Watercolor Painting, which was defined by broad brushstrokes and rich colors. He was born in Oakland, California as Dong Moy Shu in 1911. At the age of 5 his parents moved the family to Hong Kong, where he began school.As per Chinese naming traditions, he was given the name “King Man” (in Cantonese the name literally means “Scenery Composition”) by his instructor after learning of his artistic aspirations. He would later combine the name and put his surname in front taking on the name Dong Kingman.

In his teens he would move back to the United States and attended the Fox Morgan Art School in Oakland. It was during that time that Kingman decided to concentrate on watercolor painting. In 1936 Kingman had his first solo exhibition at the San Francisco Art Association. This show gained him acclaim and recognition. During World War II he was drafted into the U.S. Army but was transferred to map making role at the Office of Strategic Service because First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt was a fan of his work. After the war he went on to design background for Hollywood, most notably the film adaptation of “Flower Drum Song.” He passed away at the age of 89.

曾景文(Dong Kingman)是华裔美国艺术家,以其水彩画闻名。他画的是加利福尼亚风格的水彩画,以粗犷的笔触和丰富的色彩为特点。他1911年出生于加州的奥克兰,原名Dong Moy Shu。5岁时,他的父母把家搬到了香港,他在那里开始上学。根据中国的取名传统,他的导师在了解了他的艺术抱负之后,给他取了个名字“景文”(在广东话中,这个名字的字面意思是“风景构图”)。后来,他将自己的姓放到前面,将姓名结合起来,取名叫做曾景文。

十几岁时,他搬回美国,在奥克兰的福克斯摩根艺术学校(Fox Morgan Art School)学习。正是在那个时候,曾景文决定专注于水彩画。1936年,曾景文在旧金山艺术协会(SanFrancisco Art Association)举办了他的第一次个展。这场展出为他赢得了喝彩和认可。第二次世界大战期间,他应征加入美国军队,但由于第一夫人埃莉诺·罗斯福(EleanorRoosevelt)是他作品的粉丝,他被调到战略服务办公室(Office of Strategic Service)负责地图制作。战争结束后,他继续为好莱坞设计背景,最著名的作品是改编成电影的《花鼓戏》。他在89岁时去世。

Countdown to the TCS NYC Marathon on November 3, 2019: 216 Days.

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